Ethiopia Economy

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Woodland

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The woodlands are characterized by more discontinuous canopy and smaller trees than the high forest region and account for some 2.5% of the total area of the country.

Both the physiognomy and the flora of the woodlands region vary from place to place and in many parts the woodland is interspersed with moderately cultivated land.

More dense woodland is found on the drier periphery of the high forest in the south and southwest. Here as much as 40% of the land may consist of patches of forest and the main activity is livestock grazing and browsing as well as rainfed peasant mixed agriculture.

More open woodland consisting of mostly deciduous or succulent trees with tall-grass understorey is found on the western edges of Ethiopian highlands in the west as well as in parts of the south and southeast. Much as 50% of this region may be classified as grassland and pastoral activity is more dominant than in the dense woodland region.

Small portions of the country consisting of planted eucalyptus trees around settlements is included in the woodland region. The largest area of eucalyptus woodland is around Addis Abeba.

(Source: National Atlas of Ethiopia)

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