Ethiopia Economy

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Salt flats, Swamps and marshes, Water bodies and Urban and built-up area

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Salt flats
The salt flats account for about 0.5% of the country and are most common in the Danakil lowlands and along the Red Sea coast where the main activity is salt mining.

Swamps and marshes
The swamps and marshes are common around some of the lakes and in stream valleys and depressions and account for about 0.8% of the country. The most extensive area occurs in the Baro-Akobo lowlands. The perennial swamps and marshes with grasses, sedges and scattered trees are important grazing areas and bird wildlife sanctuaries. The seasonal swamps and marshes provide grazing during the dry season and in some places, as around lake Tana, they are used for cultivating annual crops after the flood waters recede.

Water bodies
The water bodies include the large lakes which account for about 0.5% of the area of the country. This does not include the territorial waters of Ethiopia along the Red Sea coast and the surfaces of the rivers. The large inland lakes are Abaya, Abijata, Awasa, Chamo, Koka, Langeno, Shala, Tana and Ziway.

Urban and built-up area
Urban and built-up area is shown for Addis Abeba only since the areas occupied by other urban centres are insignificant. The total built-up land is estimated at about 600 square kilometres which is less than 0.05% of the area of the country.

(Source: National Atlas of Ethiopia)


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