Ethiopia Economy

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Ethiopia: The wetlands, Riverine forests, and Halophytic vegetation

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The wetlands
The wetlands consist of marshes and swamps of various types and are found only in narrow strips along parts of the lakes, the rivers and the sea.

The main area are along the Baro, Gilo, Awash and Wabi Shebele. The fresh water perhumid swamps are characterized by 2 to 4m high grass and sedge cover.

Above the permanent swamps in districts with the great change in water level are found seasonally flooded temporary marshes.

In the very dry areas salt-tolerant thicket-like marsh vegetation have developed. Along the Red Sea coast sheltered bays are occupied by 2 to 3m high mangrove thickets. The wetlands account for about 0.7% of the total area of Ethiopia.

Riverine forests
These vary in characteristics from region to region depending on rainfall, altitude and the adjacent vegetation region through which the stream flows. The riverine forests account for about 0.5% of the country.

Halophytic vegetation
These consists of salt tolerant xeromorphic vegetation species. The vegetation is confined mostly to the coast and southern Ogaden and account for some 4.7% of the total area of the country.

(Source: National Atlas of Ethiopia)


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  • Chelsea Wallace

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