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Ethiopia: The semi-desert region

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The semi-desert region is found at elevations of less than 600m and a mean annual rainfall of less than 250mm.

It accounts for about 6.3% of the total area of the country and is confined mostly to the lower Danakil Plain, the coast, and the easternmost portions of the Ogaden.

This region in general consists of xeromorphic thorny species of shrubs and of acacia which have developed dwarf forms.

The shrubs are in patches and are often less than 1m high. Between the patches are small tufts of hardy grass.

(Source: National Atlas of Ethiopia)

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